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2012年8月27日 星期一

abject

abject
[`æbdʒɛkt; 'æbdʒɛkt] (發音來源)
可憐的...卑鄙的


單字解釋

abject
[`æbdʒɛkt; 'æbdʒɛkt]
<<形容詞>>
1 <生活、狀況等> 不幸的,悲慘的,落魄潦倒的
2 <人、行為等>卑鄙的; 卑屈的; 下賤的,下流的
make an ~ apology
告饒
~ poverty
赤貧
<<副詞>>
~.ly

a. 絕望無助的, 可憐的, 糟透的, 卑鄙的, 自卑的
[法] 卑鄙的, 卑下的, 可憐的
【GRE紅寶書】
ABJECT adj. 極可憐的;卑下的
(英) 極可憐的(miserable; wretched);
卑下的(lacking self-respect; degraded; base)
(考) 反義詞:exultant(歡躍的)
(記) ab+ject(拋扔)→拋掉的→可 憐的
(同) 同根詞:reject(拋棄,拒絕) , projectile(投射物)

【GRE藍寶書】
adj. 卑微的;精神不振的(cast down in spirit)
(反) exultant(得意洋洋的) spirited(生氣勃勃地) exciting(興奮的)
(記) ab+ject(拋扔) →拋掉的→可憐的,精神不振的 參考:reject拒絕,丟棄;pr oject投射
(例) He was made abject by suffering他被痛苦折磨得無 精打采。

【不擇手段】
adj 淒苦可憐的;下賤的(狀況或地 位卑賤的);被鄙視的=downt rodden=underfoot
(例) an abject liar 卑鄙的說謊者 abject poverty 一貧如洗
(根) ab離,ject拋,扔-被遺棄- 可憐的因為被reject,所以ab ject
(參) reject(v 拋棄,拒絕);projectile( n 投射物)
(反) exultant(adj 歡躍的);spirited(adj 英勇的);exciting(adj 令人興奮激動的)

【Barron】
wretched; lacking pride
On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind.

【21世紀英漢詞典】
ab.ject
1 不幸的,悲慘的,落魄潦倒的
2 卑鄙的; 卑屈的; 下賤的,下流的
make an ~ apology
告饒
~ poverty
赤貧
~.ly

【Collins】  ◆◇◇◇◇

1 abject
You use abject to emphasize that a situation or quality is extremely bad.
Both of them died in abject poverty.
This scheme was an abject failure.
= total
ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n

* abjectly
Both have failed abjectly.
ADV-GRADED

2 abject
If you describe someone as abject, you think they have no courage or respect for themselves. (LITERARY)
He sounded abject and eager to please.
He looked back at the abject, silent girl and repeated his question.
ADJ-GRADED

英字分解

ab

ab-

[æb-, əb-; æb-, əb-]
{字首}表示「分離」「脫離」的意思
(cf. abs-)
abnormal
畸型,abduct 綁架,abuse 亂用

ject, jac

throw 丟,投,射

[example]
[ɛxamplɛ]
inject, reject, subject, projection



列根成形

ab
分離
ject

abject
可憐的...卑鄙的

創義薛說

下乙而與之分離 ➔ 乙是可憐的而甲是卑鄙的
abject與object的發音差異應注意。
俗語說的「可憐之人必有可惡之處」,此字可以為證吧!