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2013年11月29日 星期五

know

know
[no; nou] (發音來源)
知道


單字解釋

know
[no; nou]
(knew[nu,nju; nju:]; known[non; noun])
(及物動詞)
1 知道,懂得
a. 知道<事實等>,知悉,瞭解
He ~s the truth of the matter.
他知道事情的真相
I ~ all about that.
那件事我全都知道
You ought to ~ your place.
你應該認清自己的身份 (低) (應該懂 (對待尊長的) 禮節)
He ~s all the answers. (
口語)他 (似乎) 無事不知(萬事通)
The space shuttle as we ~ it is still imperfect.
像現在有的 [目前的這種] 太空梭仍然不完美
b. 知道…
I ~ that she was once a singer.
我知道她從前是個歌手
You must ~ that..
你必須知道…
c. [I don't ~] (口語)不以為…,以為不…
I don't ~ that I will attend the party.
我想我不會出席這次聚會
d. 知道…
Please let us ~ when you are coming.
請告訴我們你什麼時候來
There is no ~ing what may happen to them.
我們無法知道他們將發生什麼事
She doesn't ~ what she is talking about.
她不知道她自己在講些什麼
Poor Mother didn't ~ whether [if] she was coming or going.
可憐的母親弄得不知如何是好
Do you ~ how to drive a car?.
你知道怎樣駕駛汽車嗎?
I just didn't ~ which way to turn.
我完全迷失了(不知該轉向那一邊)
e. 知道…是…
I ~ him to be a great reader.
我知道他是個博覽群書的人
He was known as a reliable man.
他以可信賴的人著稱
(cf. known adj. 2)
2 與<人>相識 [熟悉]
I ~ her by sight [by name, to speak to].
我跟她只是面熟 (並不相識) [知道她的名字,在遇到她時會講幾句話的泛泛之交而已]
I have known him since he was a child.
我從他小時候就認識他
They ~ each other very well.
他們彼此很熟
3
a. 熟悉,精通,懂
She ~s French.
她懂[會]法語
He ~s his business.
他精通 [熟悉] 他的業務
b. (去過多次而) 熟悉<地方>
I ~ the place well.
我對那地方很熟悉
c. 背會 <台詞等>
The actor ~s his lines.
那名演員熟記台詞
4 [用完成式或過去式] 看[聽]過…
I have never known him tell a lie. (.
據我所知) 他沒有說 過謊言
I never knew her to come on time.
我從沒見她準時來過
Rules have been known to be broken.
法規常遭破壞
5 a. 嘗受 <幸、不幸等> ,經歷,體驗
She knew many sorrows in her early life.
她早年曾有過許多不幸的遭遇
I have seldom known such bitter weather.
我很少碰到過如此嚴寒的天氣
b. (憑經驗) 知道…
He ~s what it is to go hungry.
他知道挨餓是怎麼一回事
c. 經歷,體驗
The country has known no war for many centuries.
好幾百年以來這個國家未曾發生過戰爭
6 a. 分別出,辨識出! (recognize)
I knew him at once.
我馬上認出他
I ~ a lady when I see one.
真正的淑女我一看就看得出來
b. [由…]辨認…[by]
A tree is known by its fruit.
樹可由其果實辨別
c. 辨別… ,識別[from]
She did not ~ fact from fiction.
她分辨不清事實和虛構
→not know a person from ADAM.
7 <野心、慾望、好奇心等> 知道 <極限、例外等>
His ambition ~s no bounds.
他的野心無止境
(不及物動詞)
1 a. 知道
He thinks he ~s better than anybody.
他以為他知道得比誰都多
I don't ~. =I wouldn't ~.
我不知道,我不清楚
b. [同意對方的發言] (確實) 知道
"Tomorrow's a holiday."-I ~.".
「明天放假」「我知道」
2
知道 [關於…的事] ,聽說 過[about]
I don't ~ about that.
那件事我不清楚; 嗯,這事我不確實知道
Do you ~ about him?.
你知道 [聽說 過] 他的事 [一些有關他的風言風語] 嗎?
(cf. Do you know him?
→ v.t. 2)
3 (雖非直接) 間接地知悉 [聽說 過] […的事] [of]
I ~ of him, but I don't know him.
我聽說 過他的事 (間接地知道) ,但並不認識他
This is the best method I ~ of.
這是我所知道的最好的方法
→Not that I know of
all one knows
(1) 全力
I did all I knew.
我盡了全力
(2) 全力地
and I don't know what [who] (else)
(口語)還有許多 [各式各樣的] 東西[人]
before one knows where one is
(口語)剎那間,一眨眼工夫; 不知不覺地
Don't I know it!
(口語)很不幸,我知道了; 我還會不知道嗎
(用以表示必須做或已做了不情願做的事)
I've got to wash all those dishes, ~.
這些盤子我都得洗,我還會不知道嗎 !
for all [(古.文語)aught] ? know
(不太清楚,不過據我所知) 大概,也許
He may be a good man for all I ~.
他也許是個好人(我不太清楚)
God [Heaven] knows
(1) 上帝知道…,我發誓…,的確是…
God ~s that it is true.
我對天發誓那是真的
(2) 上帝才知道…,天曉得 [沒有人知道] …
God ~s where he fled.
沒有人知道他逃到哪裡
The man has gone God ~s where.
沒有人知道那個人的下落
(3) 我不知道 (I
vt. 知道, 瞭解, 認識, 確信
vi. 知道, 瞭解, 認識, 確信

英字分解

k
[音似] 可; 克; 刻; 坷; 剋; 咳; 客; 柯; 科; 苛; 棵; 殼; 渴; 嗑; 窠; 瞌; 磕; 課; 顆

在此取之意。

now
[naʊ; nau]
ad. 現在, 剛才, 目前
n. 現在
a. 現在的
conj. 由於


在此取現在之意。



列根成形

k

now
現在
know
知道

創義薛說

就是指現在,大家都? ➔ 知道