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公佈欄

2012年9月1日 星期六

shut

shut
[ʃʌt; ʃʌt] (發音來源)
閉嘴


單字解釋

shut
[ʃʌt; ʃʌt]
(shut; shut.ting)
<<及物動詞>>
1 關,閉
( ←→ open)
a. 關<門、窗等>; 閉 <眼、口、耳等>
~ a door [window, drawer]
關門 [窗,抽屜]
→ shut the door on
~ one's mouth
閉嘴
(It is too late to) ~ the stable door when the steed is stolen (
諺)馬被偷了才鎖廄,為時已晚 [亡羊補牢,賊過關門]
b. [對…]關上 [封閉] … [to,on,against]
~ one's mind to
不接受…,不理會…,不答應…
He ~ his ears to their entreaties.
他對他們的懇求充耳不聞
The examiner ~ his eyes to the fact.
審查員假裝沒看到 [不知道] 這項事實
We ~ the door against [on] him.
我們把他關在門外
2 a. 把…關進 [圍在] (…中)
~ a bird into a cage
把鳥關進籠中
They ~ the man in a cell.
他們把那個人關入小室中
The ground is ~ in by a wire fence.
那塊地被鐵絲籬笆圍住
b. [~ oneself]關閉
He ~s himself in his study all day long.
他整天把自己關閉在書房中
3 合攏 <書本、手掌> ; 折起 <小刀等>
~ a book [a (folding) fan]
把書 [扇子] 合起來
4 把 <手、衣服等> 夾在[…中][in]
He ~ his fingers in the door.
他的手指被門夾住
5 a. (暫時性或永久性地) 關閉 <店舖、工廠>
Heavy snow caused the airport to be ~ down.
大雪使機場 (暫時) 關閉
b. <店等> (結束一天營業而) 打烊
He ~ up his shop for the night.
到了夜晚他把店關起來(打烊)
<<不及物動詞>>
1 <門、窗等>關上
The door would not ~.
這扇門關不起來
2 <店、工廠等> 關閉、停業
shut away
(1) 把…收藏起來
(2) [~ +受+away] 隔離,使…離開人群 [遁世]
(3) [~ oneself+away] 遁世
He ~ himself away in the country.
他遁世隱居鄉間
shut down
(1) → v.t. 5 a
(2) 把 <窗等> 關 (緊)
~ down a window
放下窗子 (使關閉)
(3) → v.i. 2
(4) <夜幕> 降臨[…]; <霧等>籠罩[…][over]
shut off
(1) 關閉 <瓦斯、自來水、收音機等>
~ off the gas [electricity]
關掉瓦斯 [電源]
(2) 切斷 <交通>
(3) 把… 切斷,隔絕,隔離[from]
~ off a road from traffic
斷絕道路交通
The village was ~ off from the world by mountains.
群山使該村莊與外界隔絕
(4)<機器等>停止 (運轉)
shut out
(1) 把…關在外面,使…不能進入
~ a person out
把人關在外面
~ out idle thoughts from one's mind
除去 [清除] 心裡的雜念
(2) 遮住…,使…看不見
These trees ~ out the view.
這些樹擋住了視線
(3)(美)『運動』完全封鎖<對方>使不能得分,使<對方>以零分慘敗
shut to
(1) 關閉<門等>
S~ the door to.
把門關起來
(2)<門等>關起來
The door ~ to.
門關上了
shut up
(1) → v.t.5 b
(2) 把 <房子> 關起來
(3) 把<東西>收進,把…關閉於[…中][in]
She ~ up her opal ring in her jewel box.
她把蛋白石戒指收進她的珠寶盒中
(4)[~ oneself]閉居於 […裡] [in]
He ~ himself up in his room and began to write the novel.
他把自己關在房間裡寫起小說來
(5)(口語)使<某人>閉嘴 [不說話]
(6) 閉嘴
S~ up!.
閉嘴!
n. 關閉
vt. 關上, 閉起, 幽禁, 合攏, 軋住
vi. 關上, 停止營業
[經] 關閉, 停止營業

英字分解

[音似] 吁; 戌; 旭; 序; 卹; 侐; 恤; 胥; 徐; 栩; 畜; 敘; 勗; 婿; 絮; 虛; 須; 喣; 詡; 緒; 蓄; 需; 噓; 墟; 續; 鬚
[域] St. Helena, 聖赫勒拿島; abbr.[軍] Squash-Head, 碎甲彈

u
[音似] you;
[音似] 于; 予; 与; 玉; 宇; 羽; 聿; 余; 育; 芋; 迂; 盂; 臾; 雨; 禹; 郁; 娛; 浴; 域; 御; 欲; 淤; 雩; 魚; 喻; 寓; 愉; 腴; 萸; 隅; 馭; 愚; 愈; 榆; 毓; 瑜; 瘀; 虞; 裕; 遇; 逾; 預; 嫗; 漁; 獄; 與; 語; 慾; 諛; 餘; 禦; 覦; 諭; 豫; 癒; 譽; 齬

t
[音似] 剃; 剔; 悌; 涕; 屜; 惕; 梯; 啼; 堤; 提; 替; 隄; 踢; 蹄; 嚏; 題; 體



列根成形

sh

u

t

shut
閉嘴

創義薛說

起一件事,對方把食指放在嘴上說:「!」是叫你? ➔ 閉嘴