Google+

公佈欄

2012年9月17日 星期一

force

force
[fors, fɔrs; fɔ:s] (發音來源)
力氣


單字解釋

force
[fors, fɔrs; fɔ:s]
《源自拉丁文「強」的意思》<<名詞>>
1 力 :(U)a. (物理上的) 力
The wind blew against the windows with great ~.
風猛烈地對著窗吹刮
b. 暴力
(→ power【同義字】)
by main ~
憑力氣 [暴力] ,以武力
take
from a person by ~強奪某人…
I had to use ~ in opening the door.
我不得不用力開那一扇門
c. (精神上的) 力量,魄力,說服力
~ of character
人格的力量
the ~ of an argument
議論的說服力
2 (C)具強大勢力 [影響力] 的人[物]; 勢力,有力者
the ~s of nature
自然力
(暴風雨、地震等)
social [political] ~s
社會 [政治] 勢力
He is a great ~ in the Republican Party.
他是共和黨內的巨頭
The influence of parents is a major ~ in the development of character.
父母的影響是人格形成的主要因素
3 (C)[常 ~s]
a. (陸、海、空軍之) 軍力,兵力,軍隊; (一國之)
武裝力量,武力
the air ~
空軍
the armed ~s
(一國的) 三軍 [武裝力量]
the police ~
警力,警察隊
b. (共同行動的) 隊
A ~ of 50 policemen raided the house.
由五十名警察組成的警察隊突襲了那棟房子
4 a. (U) (言語表達的) 魄力,效果; 真正意義,主旨
He writes with ~.
他的文筆鏗鏘有力
It is difficult to convey completely the ~ of this poem.
要充分表達這首詩的真義很難
b. (U)影響力,力量
I just acted out of ~ of habit.
我只是出於習慣 (的力量) 而做
→ by FORCE of.
c.『物理』力; (力的) 強度
the ~ of gravity [gravitation]
重 [引] 力
magnetic ~
磁力
5(U) (法律、規則、契約等的) 效果,效力
put a law into ~
實施法律
come into ~ < 法律等> 實施,生效
Wage and price controls have been in ~ since 1975.
工資及物價管制已自 1975 年起實施
by force of
? 藉…的力量,靠…,用…
by ~ of contrast
經由對比
by ~ of example
靠樣本 [習帖]
by ~ of numbers
憑多數,靠人多
by sheer ~ of will
全靠意志力
in force
(1) → 5
(2) 大舉,大批地
People will gather in ~.
人們會大批聚集
join forces
協力; 聯合,聯合 [通力合作] [with]
join ~s with the public against crime與大眾聯合對抗犯罪
<<及物動詞>>
1 a. 強迫<人><使做…>,使<人>不得不<做…>
They ~d him to sign the document.
他們強迫他簽署那份文件
He won't do it unless you ~ him /(to).
他不會做那件事除非你強迫他去做
He was ~d to confess.
他被迫而供認
I was ~d to accept his offer.
我不得不接受他的提議
b. [~ oneself]勉強 (自己) 做…
He ~d himself to smile [swallow the medicine].
他勉強微笑 [吞下藥]
2 a. 硬把…趕走,硬向…前進
~ one's pace
加緊步伐; 更敏捷地做,勉強地努力
~ a person's [the] pace
使人勉強前進; (拍屁股) 催趕
b. 硬把…趕 [推進] (到…)
They ~d an entry into the house.
他們硬闖入那棟房子
He ~d his horse on through the storm.
他迫使馬在暴風雨中前進
She ~d back her tears.
她強忍住眼淚
c. [~ oneself]闖入,強行進入
They ~d themselves into her room.
他們闖入她的房間
d. 硬把…塞入 [狹小的容器等內] [into]
Don't ~ your foot into the shoe; it's too small for you.
不要硬把你的腳塞入鞋子裡; 它對你來說太小
e.[~ one's way]勉強前進 (到…)
He ~d his way in [out, through the bushes].
他勉強進入 [出去,穿過灌木叢]
3 硬把…加之[於某人],硬使[某人]接受[on, upon]
~ one's views on others
硬把自己的意見加之於他人,強使他人接受自己的意見
I am sorry to ~ the task on you.
我很抱歉把工作推給你
4 a. 強迫<某事>,強求,硬要
~ a confession
強迫供認
Illness ~d his retirement.
生病迫使他退休
b. [從…]引出…,
迫使[…]說出 [from,out of]
~ a confession from a person
迫使某人供認
~ a secret [an answer] out of a person
硬從某人身上探出秘密 [迫使某人說出答案]
5 a. 硬把<門等>撞開; 把 <鎖等> 撬開
He ~d the lock with a penknife.
他用一把削鉛筆刀撬開鎖
b. [補語常用 open] 把…撬開
The door was ~d open.
那扇門被撞開了
6 a. 勉強 <作笑等>
~ a smile
強作笑臉,強顏歡笑
b. 勉強發出<聲音等>,用力大聲叫
The singer ~d his low notes.
那位歌手勉強唱出低音
He ~ed out the words.
他勉強地擠出話來
7 a. 以人工栽培促成<植物>早熟

英字分解

for
為了…,對…

ce
[音似] 誰




列根成形

for
為了
ce

force
力氣

創義薛說

卜派吃波菜是為了(產生什麼)? ➔ 力氣