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2012年8月25日 星期六

stumble

stumble
[`stʌmbl; 'stʌmbl] (發音來源)
絆跌


單字解釋

stumble
[`stʌmbl; 'stʌmbl]
<<不及物動詞>>
1 a. 顛躓; 絆跌
The boy ~d and fell.
那個男孩絆倒了
b. [被…]絆跌[on, over]
~ on [over] a stone
被石頭絆倒
c. 搖搖晃晃地走,踉蹌地走
The old woman ~d along [over to the door].
那個老婦人搖搖晃晃地走去 [走到門處]
2 結結巴巴地說[…],弄錯[…],[在…]受阻,遇到障礙[at, over]
~ at a proper noun
念到專有名詞讀不出來
~ over one's words
結結巴巴地說話
3 (文語)
a. (道德上) 犯錯,做錯,失足
b. 失足犯[…][into]
~ into crime
失足犯罪
4 偶然遇見 [發覺] […] [on,upon,across]
I ~d on a misprint in my dictionary.
我偶然在字典中發現一處印刷錯誤
He ~d across a clue.
他偶然發現一個線索
<<可數名詞>>
1 顛躓,踉蹌,絆跌
2 失策,過失
<<名詞>>
stum.bler

n. 絆倒, 蹣跚而行, 失足
vt. 使絆倒, 使困惑
vi. 絆倒, 失足, 失策, 犯錯, 蹣跚, 躊躇
【GRE紅寶書】
STUMBLE v. 絆腳; 蹣跚而行; 打結巴
(英) 絆腳(hit one's foot against something while moving along and start to fall)
蹣跚而行(walk unsteadily)
打結巴(stop and/or make mistakes in speaking aloud)

【不擇手段】
v 絆腳;蹣跚而行;結巴的說
(記) s,tumble(v /n 跌倒)-絆腳

【21世紀英漢詞典】
stum.ble
`stQmbl; 5stQmbl
>
1 a. 顛躓; 絆跌
The boy ~d and fell.
那個男孩絆倒了
b. [被…]絆跌[on, over
~ on [over] a stone
被石頭絆倒
c. 搖搖晃晃地走,踉蹌地走
The old woman ~d along [over to the door].
那個老婦人搖搖晃晃地走去 [走到門處]
2 結結巴巴地說[…],弄錯[…],[ 在…]受阻,遇到障礙[at, over
~ at a proper noun
念到專有名詞讀不出來
~ over one's words
結結巴巴地說話
3 (文語)
a. (道德上) 犯錯,做錯,失足
b. 失足犯[…][into
~ into crime
失足犯罪
4 偶然遇見 [發覺] […] [on,upon,across]
I ~d on a misprint in my dictionary.
我偶然在字典中發現一處印刷錯 誤
He ~d across a clue.
他偶然發現一個線索
>
1 顛躓,踉蹌,絆跌
2 失策,過失
>
stum.bler

【Collins】  ◆◆◇◇◇

1 stumble stumbles stumbling stumbled
If you stumble, you put your foot down awkwardly while you are walking or running and nearly fall over.
He stumbled and almost fell.
I stumbled into the telephone box and dialed 999.
VB

+ stumble stumbles
Also a noun.
I make it into the darkness with only one stumble.
N-COUNT: usu sing

2 stumble stumbles stumbling stumbled
If you stumble while you are reading aloud or speaking, you make a mistake, and have to pause before saying the words properly.
...his voice wavered and he stumbled over the words at one point.
= falter
VB

英字分解

s
石; 十; 士; 尸; 巳; 什; 世; 仕; 司; 史; 四; 失; 市; 矢; 示; 寺; 式; 死; 似; 私; 豕; 事; 侍; 使; 始; 祀; 虱; 俟; 室; 屎; 屍; 思; 恃; 拭; 拾; 施; 是; 柿; 食; 俬; 師; 時; 舐; 豉; 逝; 斯; 絲; 視; 勢; 嗜; 嗣; 弒; 溼; 獅; 筮; 肆; 試; 詩; 軾; 飼; 飾; 實; 蝕; 誓; 廝; 撕; 蝨; 適; 駟; 駛; 諡; 濕; 釋

tumble
[`tʌmbl; 'tʌmbl]
n. 跌倒, 摔跤, 翻斤斗
vi. 翻倒, 摔倒, 倒塌, 滾動, 翻斤斗, 倉促地行動
vt. 使摔倒, 使滾翻, 弄亂



列根成形

s

tumble

stumble
絆跌

創義薛說

踢到頭而跌絆跌
tumble跟stumble都是倒下,所以加s者,意象中就多了顆石頭,而更有具體因絆而倒之意。