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2012年8月28日 星期二

reject

reject
[rɪ`dʒɛkt; ri'dʒɛkt] (發音來源)
拒絕


單字解釋

reject
[rɪ`dʒɛkt; ri'dʒɛkt]
《源自拉丁文「向後投」的意思》<<及物動詞>>
1 拒絕 < (他人的) 要求、提議等> ,駁回,否決,否認
[→ refuse【同義字】)
~ an offer
拒絕一項提議
~ a demand
駁回一項要求
2 剔除,丟棄 <不良品等>
All apples with soft spots are ~ed.
有軟掉地方的蘋果全部都被剔除
3 <人、嘴、胃、身體> 容不得<食物等>,嘔吐; 排拒
The skin graft was ~ed.
移植的皮膚引起了排拒反應
(`ridVZkt; 5ri:dVekt]
<<可數名詞>>
被拒絕之人[物]; 不合格者[品],瑕疵品

n. 被拒之人, 被棄之物, 不合格品, 次品
vt. 拒絕, 抵制, 否決, 駁回, 丟棄, 嘔出
[化] 等外材; 淘汰材; 不合規格材

【GRE紅寶書】
REJECT v. 拒絕;丟棄 n. 次品,廢品
(英) v. 拒絕 ( refuse to accept);
丟棄 ( throw away);
(考) scorn : reject / adulate : flatter
(程度: 輕蔑拒絕→拒絕/諂媚→奉承)
(記) re(回)+ject(扔)→扔回來 →拒絕

【不擇手段】
v 拋棄;拒絕;n 廢品
(記) re反,ject扔-反過來把你扔 了-拋棄;拒絕
(類) scorn:reject=adulate: flatter不屑做是一種拒絕=諂 媚是一種奉承

【21世紀英漢詞典】
re.ject

《源自拉丁文「向後投」的意思 》

1 拒絕 ,駁回,否決,否認

→ refuse【同義字】)
~ an offer
拒絕一項提議
~ a demand
駁回一項要求
2 剔除,丟棄
All apples with soft spots are ~ed.
有軟掉地方的蘋果全部都被剔除
3 容不得,嘔吐; 排拒
The skin graft was ~ed.
移植的皮膚引起了排拒反應
被拒絕之人[物]; 不合格者[品],瑕疵品

【Collins】  ◆◆◆◆◇

1 reject rejects rejecting rejected
If you reject something such as a proposal, a request, or an offer, you do not accept it or you do not agree to it.
The British government is expected to reject the idea of state subsidy for a new high speed railway.
Seventeen publishers rejected the manuscript before Jenks saw its potential.
VB

* rejection rejections
The rejection of such initiatives by no means indicates that voters are unconcerned about the environment.
N-VAR: oft N of n

2 reject rejects rejecting rejected
If you reject a belief or a political system, you refuse to believe in it or to live by its rules.
...the children of Eastern European immigrants who had rejected their parents' political and religious beliefs.
VB

* rejection
His rejection of our values is far more complete than that of D. H. Lawrence.
N-VAR

3 reject rejects rejecting rejected
If someone is rejected for a job or course of study, it is not offered to them.
One of my most able students was rejected by another university.
VB

* rejection
Be prepared for lots of rejections before you land a job.
N-COUNT


英字分解

re-
[ri-, rɪ-, rə-; ri:-, ri-]
{字首}表示「一再,互相,反,回過來, 後,退,秘密; 離,去,下,再,否,不」等之意
react, resist, remain, redouble, resign


ject, jac

throw 丟,投,射

[example]
[ɛxamplɛ]
inject, reject, subject, projection



列根成形

re
回來
ject

reject
拒絕

創義薛說

拋的繡球被回來 ➔ 明白是拒絕的意思吧!
這種情況已是下策,通常是拋出時就要躲得遠遠的,不要被打到。