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2012年8月22日 星期三

hostile

hostile
[`hɑstl, -tɪl; 'hɔstail] (發音來源)
含有敵意的


單字解釋

hostile
[`hɑstl, -tɪl; 'hɔstail]
<<形容詞>>
(more ~; most ~)
1 a. 敵方的,敵對國家的
a ~ army [country]
敵軍[國]
b. 含有敵意的
have ~ relations with
與…有敵對關係
a ~ critic
含有敵意的評論家
2 [對…]敵對的[to]
a man ~ to reform
反對改革的人
3 a. (對人、事) 不利的
a ~ environment
不良環境,逆境
b. <氣候、環境等> 不適合[…]的[to]
The climate [environment] is ~ to most forms of life.
這氣候[環境]不適合大部分的生物
<<副詞>>
~.ly

a. 敵人的, 懷敵意的, 敵對的
n. 敵對分子
[法] 敵方的, 故意的, 敵對的
【GRE紅寶書】
HOSTILE adj. 敵對的,敵意的
(英) adj. 敵對的,敵意的(unfriendly ; antagonistic)

【不擇手段】
adj 敵對的,敵意的=unfriendly =antagonistic;不利於健 康或幸福的
(參) hostility(n 敵意;反對)

【21世紀英漢詞典】
hos.tile
(more ~; most ~)
1 a. 敵方的,敵對國家的
a ~ army [country]
敵軍[國
b. 含有敵意的
have ~ relations with
? 與…有敵對關係
a ~ critic
含有敵意的評論家
2 [對…]敵對的[to
a man ~ to reform
反對改革的人
3 a. (對人、事) 不利的
a ~ environment
不良環境,逆境
b. 不適合[…]的[to
The climate [environment] is ~ to most forms of life.
這氣候[環境]不適合大部分的生 物

~.ly

【Collins】  ◆◆◇◇◇

1 hostile
If you are hostile to another person or an idea, you disagree with them or disapprove of them, often showing this in your behaviour.
Many people felt would be hostile to the idea of foreign intervention.
The West has gradually relaxed its hostile attitude to this influential state.
The Governor faced hostile crowds when he visited the town yesterday.
= antagonistic ≠ receptive
ADJ-GRADED: oft ADJ to/towards n

2 hostile
Someone who is hostile is unfriendly and aggressive.
Drinking may make a person feel relaxed and happy, or it may make her hostile, violent, or depressed.
The prisoner eyed him in hostile silence.
= aggressive ≠ cordial
ADJ-GRADED

3 hostile
Hostile situations and conditions make it difficult for you to achieve something.
...some of the most hostile climatic conditions in the world...
If this round of talks fails, the world's trading environment is likely to become increasingly hostile.
ADJ-GRADED

4 hostile
In a war, you use the word hostile to describe your enemy's forces, organizations, weapons, land, and activities.
The city is encircled by a hostile army.
They were in hostile territory.
...hostile aircraft.
= enemy
ADJ: ADJ n

英字分解

<<名詞>>
亦作 Host.『宗』聖餅; 聖體
host
《源自拉丁文「敵人,軍勢」的意思》<<名詞>>
[a ~ of或 ~s of] 許多,大群,極多,眾多
the ~ country for the Olympic Games
n. 主人, 旅館老闆, 節目主持人
vt. 當主人招待, 作...節目主持人
[計] 主機, 宿主機
[化] 主體
[醫] 宿主

ile
suf.[構成形容詞和名詞, 表示能...的, 有...的傾向, 關係, 易於...的



列根成形

host
主人
ile
有...的傾向
hostile
含有敵意的

創義薛說

在人家地盤(家裡,國裡,身體裡)想當主人的傾向 ➔ 就是含有敵意的