Google+

公佈欄

2012年8月9日 星期四

attribute

attribute
[ə`trɪbjʊt; ə'tribju:t] (發音來源)
將~歸於


單字解釋

attribute
[ə`trɪbjʊt; ə'tribju:t]
<<及物動詞>>
1 將 <結果> 歸[於…],將…認為是[…]的結果,將…歸因[於…]; 認為 <性質、屬性> 在 [屬] [於…],將 <性質、屬性> 歸屬[於…][to]
She ~d her success to good luck.
她把自己的成功歸因於好運氣
No fault can be ~d to him.
不可把 (過錯的) 責任加在他身上
2 認為<作品等>是[…]所作[to]
The drama is ~d to Shakespeare.
這戲劇被認為是莎士比亞所作的
<<可數名詞>>
[`AtrE9bjut; 5Atribju:t]
1 屬性,特性,特質
Generosity is his first ~.
寬大是他最主要的特質
2 (象徵人、地位等之) 表徵,象徵,標誌
A crown is the ~ of a king.
皇冠是國王的象徵
3『文法』表示屬性或性質之字語,屬性修飾語
(如形容詞等)
n. 屬性, 標誌, 定語
vt. 把...歸於, 認為...屬於
[計] 屬性
[經] 歸屬, 屬性, 特質
【GRE紅寶書】
ATTRIBUTE n.屬性,品質; v.把…歸於
(英) n.屬性,品質(a characteristic or quality);
v.把…歸於(to assign or ascribe to)
(考) 反義詞:exculpate(使無罪) -attribute guilt(歸罪)
(記) at+tribu+te(給與)→把…歸 於
(同) 派生詞: attribution n.歸屬
同根詞:distribute(分發); tribute(讚揚, 貢品)
(例) Jim attributes his success to hard work.

【不擇手段】
n 屬性,性質;v 把…歸於
(例) David attributed his success to the unity of all the staff 大衛說他之所以獲得成功是由於 全體員工工作的結果。
(根) tribute分配,撥給-把…歸於
(參) attribution(n 歸因);distribute(vt 分發);tribute(n 貢品)
(反) exculpate(v 使無罪);attribute guilt(歸罪)

【Barron】
essential quality
His outstanding attribute was his kindness.

【21世紀英漢詞典】
at.trib.ute
1 將 歸[於…],將…認為是[…]的結 果,將…歸因[於…]; 認為 在 [屬] [於…],將 歸屬[於…][to
She ~d her success to good luck.
她把自己的成功歸因於好運氣
No fault can be ~d to him.
不可把 (過錯的) 責任加在他身上
2 認為是[…]所作[to
The drama is ~d to Shakespeare.
這戲劇被認為是莎士比亞所作的
1 屬性,特性,特質
Generosity is his first ~.
寬大是他最主要的特質
2 (象徵人、地位等之) 表徵,象徵,標誌
A crown is the ~ of a king.
皇冠是國王的象徵
3『文法』表示屬性或性質之字語 ,屬性修飾語
(如形容詞等)

【Collins】  ◆◆◇◇◇

1 attribute attributes attributing attributed
If you attribute something to an event or situation, you think that it was caused by that event or situation.
Women tend to attribute their success to external causes such as luck.
= ascribe
VB

2 attribute attributes attributing attributed
If you attribute a particular quality or feature to someone or something, you think that they have got it.
People were beginning to attribute superhuman qualities to him.
= ascribe
VB

* attribution
There's usually a lot of attribution of evil intent to those who have different views.
N-UNC


英字分解

a, ac, ad, af, ag, al, an, ap, as, at

to, toward, near, in addition to ,by
[example]
aside ,accompany ,adjust ,aggression ,allocate, annihilate ,affix ,associate, attend, adverb

tribute
[root] give

tribute
[`trɪbjut; 'tribju:t]
《源自拉丁文「被支付的東西」的意思》<<名詞>>
1 貢 (物) ; 年貢
pay [offer up] ~ to the ruler
向統治者進貢
lay a country under ~ = lay a ~ on a country
向國家納貢(納貢的義務)
2 a. (C) (表示讚賞、敬意的) 讚辭; 供物,贈品[of, to]
floral ~s (
給女演員等的) 獻花; (葬禮的) 供花
a ~ of admiration [praise]
讚辭
a ~ to the memory of the late Mr.A
向已故的 A 先生表示敬意 [致弔詞]
pay a ~ to
向…致讚辭,向…表示敬意
b. [a ~]禮物,證明書[to]
His Nobel Prize is a ~ to the originality of his research.
他的諾貝爾獎證明了他獨創性的研究
n. 貢物, 禮物, 頌辭
相關詞組:
lay unde



列根成形

at
朝向
tribute
納貢
attribute
將~歸於

創義薛說

朝向某人納貢(獻花,讚揚) ➔ 功勞成果歸於某人( at- to 給;tribute-獻;我們常聽到「我要把這個獎"獻給"我的老婆」就是種進貢輸誠的行逕。 )