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2012年8月22日 星期三

apprehend

apprehend
[ˌæprɪ`hɛnd; ˌæpri'hɛnd] (發音來源)
逮捕/瞭解


單字解釋

apprehend
[ˌæprɪ`hɛnd; ˌæpri'hɛnd]
《源自拉丁文「掌握」的意思》<<及物動詞>>
1 (文語)捕捉,逮捕<犯人等>
2 (英罕)憂慮; 疑慮; 憂懼
A guilty man ~s danger in every sound.
犯了罪的人對每一個聲音都感到風聲鶴唳
3 (英古)
a. 瞭解,明白,明瞭 <意思>
I ~ the word but cannot use it.
我瞭解這字的意義但不會使用
b. 瞭解,明白,察覺<…一事>
I ~ed that the situation was serious.
我明瞭情況嚴重

vt. 理解, 憂慮, 逮捕
vi. 擔心, 理解
[法] 理解, 領悟, 逮捕

【GRE紅寶書】
APPREHEND v.逮捕; 恐懼
(英) v.逮捕(capture or arrest);
恐懼(to anticipate with anxiety;dread)
(考) apprehension : terror / affection : adoration
(擔憂過分是恐懼/喜歡過分是愛 慕)
反義詞:intrepid(無畏的)
(記) ap+prehend(抓住)→抓住不 放→逮捕
(同) 派生詞: apprehension (n. 焦慮,擔憂); apprehensive (adj. 恐懼的uneasy)
同根詞:prehensile(能抓住 的); comprehensive(綜合性的)

【不擇手段】
v 領會理解;逮捕=capture=a rrest;恐懼,擔心=dread
(例) Do you apprehend any difficulty? 你擔心會有困難嗎?apprehend a thief 捉拿小偷
(記) ap朝向,prehend抓住-抓住 不放-逮捕
(參) prehensile(adj 適於抓住的);comprehensi ve(adj 廣泛的)

【Barron】
arrest ( a criminal); dread; perceive
The police will apprehend the culprit and convict him before long.

【21世紀英漢詞典】
ap.pre.hend

《源自拉丁文「掌握」的意思》

1 (文語)捕捉,逮捕
2 (英罕)憂慮; 疑慮; 憂懼
A guilty man ~s danger in every sound.
犯了罪的人對每一個聲音都感到 風聲鶴唳
3 (英古)
a. 瞭解,明白,明瞭
I ~ the word but cannot use it.
我瞭解這字的意義但不會使用
b. 瞭解,明白,察覺
I ~ed that the situation was serious.
我明瞭情況嚴重

【Collins】  ◆◇◇◇◇

1 apprehend apprehends apprehending apprehended
If the police apprehend someone, they catch them and arrest them. (FORMAL)
Police have not apprehended her killer.
= catch
VB

2 apprehend apprehends apprehending apprehended
If you apprehend something, you understand it fully. (LITERARY)
Only now can I begin to apprehend the power of these forces.
= grasp
VB

英字分解

a, ac, ad, af, ag, al, an, ap, as, at

to去, toward朝向, near, in addition to ,by
[example]
aside ,accompany ,adjust ,aggression ,allocate, annihilate ,affix ,associate, attend, adverb

prehend
seize 抓住



列根成形

ap

prehend
抓住
apprehend
逮捕/瞭解

創義薛說

抓住(犯人/概念) ➔ 逮捕/瞭解